Polish vocabulary : Work, jobs, professions

Welcome to another vocabulary lesson! I promise, I will write more about Polish grammar soon 🙂

This time I will teach you some some Polish words and expressions about working, jobs and professions. We will start with basic Polish sentence that can describe somebody’s job.

I think the easiest way to do so is to use Play audio “Pracuję jako …” (I work as a …) and then add the name of the job. You could also simply say: “Jestem lekarzem” (I am a doctor) but that in Polish would require putting the name of the profession into so called instrumental case and is therefore more difficult. So at least for the time being stick to “Pracuję jako …” (I work as a …) and add the name of the profession from the dictionary in the basic form. Here are a few examples:

Play audio
Pracuję jako kierowca. I work as a driver.
Pracuję jako piekarz. I work as a baker.
Pracuję jako chirurg. I work as a surgeon.
Pracuję jako inżynier. I work as an engineer.

And there’s some more:

Play audio
Pracuję jako … architekt / naukowiec / murarz / tynkarz / rzeźnik / rolnik / stolarz / elektryk / hydraulik / ślusarz / spawacz.
I work as a … architect / scientist / bricklayer / plasterer / butcher / farmer / carpenter / electrician / plumber / locksmith / welder.
Pracuję jako … ogrodnik / mechanik / górnik / malarz / fotograf / pilot / żołnierz / weterynarz / kierownik / ochroniarz.
I work as a … gardener / mechanic / miner / painter / photographer / pilot / soldier / vet / manager / security guard.

Other names of the jobs in Polish

Of course these few jobs we have seen so far do not cover all the possibilities but before we will continue, one point. It is quite common in Polish language that the name of the job slightly differs depending on the gender of the person who has it. This also happens in English, for instance we say waiter and waitress as well as policeman and police woman. The same in Polish, it is very such variations are very common so you sometimes will need to refer to the dictionary for the correct name of the jobs. But let’s add some more.

Men’s professions

Play audio
nauczyciel, lekarz, dentysta, pielęgniarz, farmaceuta, dziennikarz, księgowy, prawnik, sprzedawca, kasjer, laborant, bibliotekarz, fryzjer, krawiec, dyrektor, urzędnik
teacher, doctor, dentist, male nurse, pharmacist, journalist, accountant, shop assistant, cashier, lab assistant, librarian, barber, director, clerk

Women’s professions

Play audio
nauczycielka, lekarka, dentystka, pielęgniarka, farmaceutka, dziennikarka, księgowa, prawniczka, sprzedawczyni, kasjerka, laborantka, bibliotekarka, fryzjerka, krawcowa, dyrektorka, urzędniczka
teacher, doctor, dentist, nurse, pharmacist, journalist, accountant, shop assistant, cashier, lab assistant, librarian, hair dresser, director, clerk

Additional Polish vocabulary

I think that saying what we do is not enough. We need to be a bit more ambitious and learn some more useful Polish phrases that will allow to talk about professions. Taking about a jobs is quite a popular topic, we are always curious what other people and want to know what they do and if they like doing it. Here are a few further Polish sentences that will help us:

Play audio
Czym się zajmujesz? What do you do (for a living)?
Jaki jest twój zawód? What is your job?
Nie pracuję, dopiero szukam pracy. I do not work, I am just looking for a job.
Jestem studentem, studiuję … biologię / matematykę / chemię / historię / geografię / język angileski / język polski / IT.
I am a student, I study … biology / mathematics / chemistry / history / geography / English language / Polish language / IT.

Play audio
Gdzie pracujesz? Where do you work?
Pracuję w sklepie. I work at a shop.
Pracuję w fabryce. I work at a factory.
Pracuję w biurze. I work at the office.
Pracuję na budowie. I work on the building site.

We can actually combine these two short sentences into a longer one.

Play audio
Pracuję w szpitalu jako lekarka. I work at a hospital as a doctor.
Pracuję w szkole jako dyrektor. I work at a school as a director.
Pracuję w firmie jako księgowy. I work in a company as an accountant.
Pracuję na budowie jako murarz. I wofk on a building site as a bricklayer.
Pracuję w przedszkolu jako nauczycielka. I work at a nursery as a teacher.
Pracuję w biurze jako architekt. I work at the office as an architect.

Play audio
Szukam pracy. I am looking for a job
Jestem bezrobotny. I am unemployed (man).
Jestem bezrobotna. I am unemployed (woman).
Jestem już na emeryturze. I am already retired.
Jestem na rencie. I am on disability benefit.
Jestem chory i nie mogę pracować. I am ill and cannot work (man).

Play audio
W jakich godzinach pracujesz? What hours do you work?
Czy pracujesz w czasie weekendu? Do you work during weekends?
Czy pracujesz na zmiany? Do you work shifts?
Czy lubisz swoją pracę? Do you like your job?

To work : verb conjugation

Let’s finish this lesson with the conjugation of the verb “to work” so you will know how to use it correctly in different situations. I will only cover the verb in present tense.

Play audio
Ja pracuję. I work.
Ty pracujesz. You work.
On pracuje. He works (masculin).
Ona pracuje. She works (feminin).
Ono pracuje. It works (neutral).
My pracujemy. We work.
Wy pracujecie. You work.
Oni pracują. They work (masculin).
One pracują. They Work (feminin)

I hope you have found it useful. Please let me know if you have got any question regarding this lesson or any other topic in Polish language.

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